Loménie de Brienne, Étienne-Charles de


Loménie de Brienne, Étienne-Charles de
(1727-1794)
   prelate and political figure
   Born in Paris, Étienne-Charles de Loménie de Bri-enne was a friend and associate of the philosophers of the Enlightenment. Despite his own freethink-ing attitudes, he was made bishop of Condom (1760) and archbishop of Toulouse (1787). He also was an opponent of charles-alexandre de calonne, whose policies he rescinded when he succeeded him as minister of finance (1787). Not able, however, to have his own measures adopted by the Parlement, Loménie de Brienne had to make successive loans and consider a meeting of the estates general to discuss the gravity of the fiscal situation in France. He left the ministry after the suspension of payments to the Treasury and was named archbishop of Sens (1787) and cardinal (1788). He was finally dismissed from the government when he took the oath to the civil constitution of the clergy during the revolution of 1789, but was nonetheless imprisoned in 1793. Loménie de Bri-enne was elected to the Académie Française in 1770.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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